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Physical Performance

The physical performance indicators are showing a steady growth. The policy decisions taken to make it a truly farmers organisation is shown the achievements listed below.

DCS Organisation and Membership

“Sudha” milk and milk product has become a symbol of qualitty. As on date nine out of ten dairy plants are ISO:9001:2000 and HACCP:IS:15000 :1998 certified.

Organisation of Dairy Cooperative Societies (DCS) and Membership

Particulars

1987-88

1997-98

2003-04

2006-07

2010-11

2011-12

DCS Organisation

1669

2884

4018

5819

9760

11638

DCS Functional

1462

2306

3285

4540

6937

8823

Membership ('000)

65.60

147.20

213.58

284.42

533.16

629.20

 The milk procurement during 1994-95 averaged 114.32 thousend kgs. per day which jumped more than five times to around 608.38 TKPD in 2006-07 but the devastating floods in July-Sept 2007 and also during second half of 2008 had very severe effect on the production of milk and its procurement by DCS. In 2008-09, it fell down to 415.36 TKPD but due to sutained efforts it again picked up the momentum. The daily average milk procurement during 2011-12 was 1074.92 TKPD.

 

Unit wise Milk Procurement

(in '000 Kgs per day)

Milk Union/ Unit

1987-88

1997-98

2003-04

2006-07

2010-11

2011-12

Barauni

20.57

65.93

135.00

173.69

333.08

314.12

Muzaffarpur

10.77

24.43

52.84

87.13

118.13

115.12

Samastipur

7.44

32.00

69.86

129.85

248.13

250.99

Patna

30.18

56.18

102.66

157.33

221.23

210.15

Shahabad

-

8.77

29.99

45.41

123.75

129.44

Vikramshila

1.41

2.81

3.27

7.78

35.05

35.73

Gaya

.68

.0.15

3.55

2.42

10.76

7.50

Kosi

-

-

-

-

6.29

7.13

Ranchi

-

5.35

6.06

4.78

4.95

4.74

Total

71.05

213.19

403.00

608.38

1101.38

1074.92

 

Milk Procurement Enhancement Program (TIP)

The technical inputs program is one of the crucial activities of the milk unions / Compfed and is the major strength responsible for the success of dairy cooperatives. The main technical inputs given to milk producers include breeding facility, animal health cover, feed & fodder and extension/training services. The inputs provided to the farmers are elaborated below.

Artificial Insemination (AI) Program

Artificial insemination with frozen semen using liquid nitrogen (LN) technology is done by static (single) and mobile (cluster) AI workers who are self-employed persons specially trained by Compfed. The progress of establishment of AI centres is as follows:

Milk Union

1987-88

1997-98

2003-04

2006-07

2010-11

2011-12

Patna

120

136(48)

222(96)

250((116)

382(184)

441(218)

Barauni

57

104(35)

162(53)

178(55)

292(150)

344(202)

Muzaffarpur

20

70(28)

129(61)

189(106)

260(177)

300(200)

Samastipur

29

103(35)

185(112)

183(105)

341(171)

395(210)

Shahabad

0

50(15)

160(47)

194(52)

333(105)

333(105)

Bhagalpur

0

6(0)

10(00)

21(00)

87(62)

101(101)

Magadh

0

0

11(06)

30(12)

71(34)

80(36)

Kosi

0

0

0

0(00)

10(10)

20(20)

Ranchi

0

2(0)

17(03)

05(02)

07(02)

07(02)

Total

226

471(161)

896(378)

1050(448)

1783(895)

2021(1094)

 

Note : Figures in parenthesis are of cluster centres whiere AI workers are provided a motorbike to cover 6 to 7 villages.

AI's Performed

Particulars

1987-88M

1997-98

2003-04

2006-07

2010-11

2011-12

Total

24926

294895

548334

700222

1134293

1185230

 

Adequate arrangements have been made to expand the coverage of dairy co-operative societies under this program. For AI training, training facilities available at Compfed hqr are being utilised and some persons are provided training at ERDTC, Siliguri, a NDDB managed training centre.

Animal Health Program

Main activities under animal health (AH) program include prophylactic vaccination, deworming, mastitis control program, organisation of veterinary/infertility camps and treatment of veterinary first ais cases. Resume of different components of AH program is as follows.

Prophylactic Vaccination

Around 2038 Veterinary First Aid (VFA) centres have been established which do the vaccinations. Prophylactic inoculations are mainly done against Foot & Mouth Disease (FMD), Haemorrhage Septicemia (HS), Black Quarter (BQ) and Theileriosis diseases. During 2001-02, after initial trial, mass vaccination with Trio-o-vac (combined FMD, HS and BQ vaccine) on the lines of Pulse Polio vaccinations in children was taken up. During 2011-12 about 16.25 lakh vaccinations have been done.State Govt. is now supporting this programme and mass vaccination campaigns are being done.

Mastitis Control Program

This program has been taken up with the technical assistance from NDDB. Under this program, screening of milch animals is done using "Mastect". The doubtful or sub-clinical cases are given treatment. Awareness amongst the milk producers is created for disinfecting the udders and teats after milking with a view to check the infection of animals. Milk unions provide necessary disinfectant and teat cups to the milk producers on cost basis.

Deworming

Worm infestation in the milch animals affects the productivity adversely. Hence, for improving the productivity and health of animals, deworming with broad-spectrum anthelmintics is arranged regularly by the milk unions.

Veterinary Camps

The milk unions organise veterinary camps where the milk producers bring their animals for treatment.

Feed and Fodder

Since, seventy five to eighty percent of the cost of milk production depends on the feeding of milch animals, this is very important affecting the economy of dairying activity. Both green fodder and balanced cattlefeed are required to be fed in appropriate quantities for optimising the output i.e. the production and also to maintain the health of the animal. The farmers in select dairy co-operative societies are being provided training through a computerised nutrition balancing system with the help of National Dairy Development Board.

Adult Cattlefeed (ACF) and Bypass Protein Feed (BPF) is manufactured by our cattlefeed plants (CFP) located at Patna, Ranchi and Muzaffarpur. The total installed capacity of these plants is 260 Metric Tonnes Per Day (MTD) The cattlefeed produced by these plants is supplied on cost basis to the farmers. Besides manufacturing BPF and ACF, CFP Ranchi also manufactures other livestock feeds to meet the requirement of Govt. farms in Bihar and Jharkhand. During 2011-12, the sale of cattlefeed to DCS was 61.10 thousand MTs.

Green fodder is equally important in animal nutrition. Besides providing important nutrients, it helps in reducing the intake of balanced cattlefeed and in turn the cost of prodction. After prolonged extension work and persuation, the farmers have started not only the cultivation of different fodders in their fields but have started the production of fodder seeds.

Another important scheme under fodder development has been the treatment of straw with urea, which not only increases the palatibility of dry fodder but increases its nutritional value also. Feeding of urea treated straw helps in reducing the cost of production of milk. Farmers have now taken it up on regular basis and during 2011-12 about 15873 MTs of straw has been treated.

Training / Manpower Development

Capacity building / skill upgradation has been given maximum emphasis in implenting the dairy development program. This has been achieved through regular training of milk producers, management committee members (MCM) of DCS, staff of DCS / milk unions of Compfed. Training of milk producers, DCS staff and MCM has been mainly arranged at the Compfed training centre at Patna. Training programs organised at Compfed's training centre include programs of Society Operation for Secretaries, Orientation of MCM, AI & VFA training, Dairy Animal Management, Legal Literacy & Women Empowerment. Refreser courses and tailor made programs as per need of milk unions is also organised.

Name of the Program

Total trained

Women

Secretaries

5662

631

MCM

29909

6264

DAM

3528

636

Al

2441

159

Other

7645

3265

Total

49185

10955

 

Clean Milk Production

Besides creating awareness amongst the milk producers about importance of clean milk production (CMP) program, efforts are made to install bulk coolers and link the DCS covered under CMP with these bulk coolers. Other actions taken include - Preponing arrival time of milk vehicles at chilling centres / dairy docks, use of Stainless Steel milk cans, sanitization of milk cans, vigerous testing of adulterants etc.

 

 

 In the initial years, the emphasis of Compfed was on organising DCS and educating farmers. In the initial years the milk sale moved at snail's speed from 100.55 thousand litres per day in 1987-88 to 106.54 thousand litres per day (TLPD) in 1992-93. However, stratgegies adopted in 1993-94, changed the trend completely. Year 2003 was declared as "Market Development Year". The daily average milk marketing has now reached a level of about 863.61 TLPD during 2011-12.

 Milk Marketing  

                                                                                                                        in '000 lts per day 

 

Milk Union/Unit

1987-88

1997-98

2003-04

2006-07

2011-12

 2012-13

Patna

31.54

68.84

103.72

124.46

177.36

186.72

Jamshedpur

21.91

53.41

69.44

87.41

121.35

123.06 

Ranchi

7.09

30.02

51.51

65.35

90.18

99.85

Bokaro

10.84

26.26

42.13

54.95

59.23

63.36

Muzaffarpur

22.91

27.49

51.87

55.79

88.40

102.51 

Gaya

3.88

6.78

14.19

15.56

32.32

38.64 

Vikramshila

-

3.75

6.83

8.48

20.63

23.67 

Barauni

2.47

6.85

41.33

48.55

66.78

81.91 

Samastipur

-

21.55

54.43

56.84

100.22

110.51 

Shahabad

-

0.04

16.02

14.72

34.19

37.36

Kosi

-

-

-

-

25.87

31.46

Delhi           -           -            -            -            -         20.86

Total

100.55

245.02

451.46

532.11

816.53

919.89

 

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